Garden flowers

Athyrium: the female fern


Athyrium is a pretty fern, deciduous and ideal for decorating a shady corner.

Outdoors and often in the woods, it is easy to maintain and grow.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Athyrium filix-femina
Family
: Dryoperidaceae
Type : Perennial

Height
: 30 to 120 cm
Exposure : Shade and partial shade
Ground : Ordinary

Foliage
: Persistent

Planting the athyrium

Planting can be done either in the fall or in the spring, but avoiding periods of frost or very hot weather.

Then use a planting soil mixed with your soil and possibly put a bed of clay balls at the bottom to improve drainage.

  • In pots, repot in spring every 2 or 3 years, choosing a slightly larger diameter
  • This plant prefers shade than sunny, often hot and too dry situations for this plant

The multiplication of the athyrium Made by division of the tuft in spring.

Size and maintenance of the athyrium

Cut the dried or yellowed leaves as you go, but this operation is not essential

Other than that, the athyrium requires virtually no care or maintenance.

In summer you can mulch the base of the plant to keep the soil moist.

In winter, the foliage disappears but don't be afraid it leaves again in spring. The athyrium is very rustic and withstands very cold weather.

Things to know about the athyrium

This female fern has the particularity of dressing our undergrowth and the foot of trees.

It is therefore difficult to tear off the plant as it attaches itself to its support.

Note that the more it is in the shade, the slower its growth, but its foliage often considered more beautiful.

Smart tip about athyrium

Indoors in pots and outdoors, avoid too sunny exposures.

To read also

  • Multiply your ferns by division of the tuft
  • The fern is a formidable depolluting plant

Video: Japanese Painted Fern (October 2020).