The montbretia is a pretty perennial that is making a comeback in the garden.
As easy to grow as it is decorative, it also looks like a gladiolus thanks to its lanceolate leaves.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : crocosmia crocosmiflora
Family : Iridaceae
Type : Bulbous or perennial
Height : 60 to 80 cm
Exposure : Sunny and partial shade
Ground : Ordinary but well drained
Flowering : June to September
Ideally, the montbretia is planted in the fall or in the spring for a flowering the following summer
- Plant the montbretia bulbs in 10 cm deep in the sun and where it is hot in summer.
- Montbretia likes well-drained soils without being too buried.
- Observe a sufficient spacing of 5 to 10 cm between each plant.
- It is more aesthetic to plant the Montbretia in small groups of five or six.
Approximately every 3 years it is advisable to divide the stumps of the montbretias by separating the bulbs in order to regenerate the foot.
- The division is preferably done in summer
- Remove the stump from the earth using a spade
- Clearly cut the bulb using a sharp knife
- Replant the new strain of Montbretia in a suitable location
- Water generously
In sowing, prefer sowing in pots in September-October.
- You can leave them outside and under cover all winter.
- Flowering will only take place 2 to 3 years after sowing.
- You will proceed to transplanting in the ground as soon as the first leaves emerge.
Pruning, maintenance of montbretias
Montbretia, also called Crocosmia, is a perennial bulbous plant that is very easy to care for and generally needs hardly any care when properly established.
- Weed if necessary around the base so as not to let the weeds take over the rhizomes
- Remove wilted flowers as you go, but leave the foliage until it turns yellowing, usually until September.
- Montbretia needs to see its leaves turn yellow in order to build up the reserves it needs for the next flowering.
- No need to water because the plant does not need it.
Caring for montbretia in winter
Whether in pots or in the ground, montbretia is frost resistant provided it is neither too strong nor too long (around -5 °)
In the event of a long and harsh winter, it is imperative to protect the montbretia bulbs.
- A good mulching is sufficient if the temperatures do not drop below -5 °
- You will have to dig up the bulbs and protect them from frost if you fear a severe frost
- Bring in the pots if your montbretias are grown in pots or containers
To know about Montbretia
Native to South Africa, the Montbretia crocosmia offers pretty, colorful tufts that tend to expand over the years.
The foliage is a pretty green while its flowers offer warm, shimmering colors, ranging from yellow to red to orange.
Particularly easy to maintain, it can withstand even mild winter frosts, provided they are neither too strong (-5 °) nor too durable over time.
Some varieties even resist down to -15 ° if the soil is not too wet in winter.
Smart tip about Montbretia
To optimize lifespan, add a special flower-to-bulb organic fertilizer every year after flowering and regularly divide the bulbs, the multiplication of which can make the plant invasive.