Fruit trees

The hazel tree, a forest plant with succulent fruits


A fruit tree found in large gardens, the hazelnut tree makes it possible to glean excellent dried fruits. But not only !

Sometimes truffles can be found very close to it.

Read also: how to grow the hazelnut tree

A very old wild species

The hazel tree is said to be one of the few plant species from the secondary era to have survived. This species is therefore believed to have inhabited the temperate forests of the northern hemisphere for more than 70 million years.

Associated with various superstitions, hazel wood is used by both dowsers and gold diggers. The Druids used it for their incantations. It is even said that witches use it to make their brooms!

Today, the hazelnut tree exists in many forms of trees and shrubs.

Hazel: the traditional ally of hedges

Very easy to grow, the hazelnut grows up to 1,500 m above sea level. It is most often used to form a hedge or a grove. It needs to be planted in cool, light soil, in a sunny location but protected from the wind. Count about 4 meters between each plant. This will give individuals all the space they need to develop.

Hazelnuts are harvested in the fall. They are stored in their shells in a dry and ventilated place. Be careful though, hazelnuts are known to cause allergies.

The hope of finding precious mushrooms

Its richness in omega 3, vitamin E or fiber makes hazelnuts a delicious gift from nature. But the oilseed is not the only one. In its natural state, the hazelnut tree lives in symbiosis with the truffle. Snugly hidden between its roots, the fungus thrives under certain conditions.

So-called mycorrhizal plants are commercially available. This means that mycelium from the fungus has been inoculated into the roots. All you have to do is get started in truffle farming.

Hazelnut technical sheet

Latin name : Corylus
Family : Betulaceae (subfamily Coryloidea)
Origin : Europe

Type : Tree or shrub
Dimensions : From 2.50 to 15 m.
Planting : Containers in all seasons, bare roots from October to March

Flowering : February March
Harvest : September October
Exposure : Sun to partial shade
Ground : always fresh, supple, even stony, sandy

M.B.

Visual credits: Hazelnut branch: © Esin Deniz - stock.adobe.com Hazelnut leaves: © Cdrcom - stock.adobe.com Hazelnuts: © Manuel Adorf - stock.adobe.com

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