Trees and shrubs

Ash: a tree full of assets


Ash is a beautiful tree, used for its wood but also for its virtues and health benefits.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Fraxinus excelsior
Family : Oleaceae

Height
: 10 to 30 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rich, rather calcareous

Foliage
: Expired -Flowering : March to May

  • To read also: benefits and virtues of ash on health

Ash plantation

The Ash is plant in the fall in ordinary soil, ideally enriched or naturally rich.

The ash tree is planted in a bright spot, away from other trees.

Properly plant ash

  • Ash should grow in a bright, sunny location.
  • Before planting it in your garden, make sure that its growth will not be hampered by the presence of a wall, another tree, or even less a construction.
  • Next, dig a hole of medium depth.
  • Slightly moisten the root ball then place it in the hole.
  • Firmly pack the soil and then water it abundantly.

Multiply ash

For its propagation, which takes place by sowing, autumn is the right season because the cold of winter delays its development. The months of September and October therefore represent the favorable period for planting ash.

If you live in a very windy area, placing a stalk fixed in the ground, to support the plant and prevent it from sagging, may be appropriate.

On the other hand, its transplanting in place is done mainly in spring.

Ash maintenance

Ash requires little maintenance and does not require special pruning, unless you maintain it with a little, very little fertilizer (Phosphorus and Potassium) during the first months of its growth. Its growing period takes place in the spring (that is, before its flowering). Its flowering lasts from March to May.

In early spring, remember to remove unwanted buds from the trunk. At some point, if the branch seems to be growing well, it is advisable to stop its growth.

The psyllids ("biting-sucking" insects) resembling very small cicadas and vectors of diseases, are very harmful to this tree. However, ash is a hardy tree.

Ash pruning

Its size (if necessary) is practiced from the month in the fall.

  • No size is essential.
  • Let the ash tree grow without pruning it because that is how it will look its best.
  • However, you can remove dead wood and the most fragile branches.

Ash harvest

As for the harvest, it is recommended to harvest the young leaves of the ash tree when they secrete a gummy, viscous substance.

The most suitable period is between the months of May and June. On the other hand, to collect the bark, prefer the fall.

In this season, once collected, leave them to dry in dry and ventilated places.

Species and varieties of ash trees

The ash is a flowering tree with a height of 30 m to 40 m. Its flowers are red and its foliage is deciduous.

What are the main varieties of ash?

As mentioned earlier, there are around sixty varieties of ash around the world.

However, the varieties the most represented are:

- the red ash or "Fraxinus pennsylvanica »Which grows in open places,
- the white ash or "Fraxinus americana Which in turn grows in the forest.
- the Fraxinus angustifolia with its narrow leaves
- and finally, the black ash (well known in Quebec), which prefers cold swamps, shores or flooded woods.

Good to know about ash

The Ash is a hardwood tree that grows relatively quickly and whose trunk can reach 1 m in diameter.

  • We use its wood in the manufacture of shovels, pickaxes or axes for the resistance of its wood.
  • Its elasticity also makes it an excellent wood for bow making.

The foliage has the particularity of appearing quite late (May) but will remain until the end of autumn.

  • Its foliage is indeed used to make herbal teas.

We also appreciate the ash for its many health benefits and virtues but also for the food of ruminants in regions which are provided with such as the Massif Central.

  • To read also: benefits and virtues of ash on health

Smart tip smart about ash

Ash is rustic and will adapt easily to all types of environments!

Once the seedlings are in the ground, watch the growth of the ash tree: it grows very quickly and reaches its adult size in less than 5 years.


© Carmen Hauser

Video: Unity Asset Reviews - Forest Environment Dynamic Nature (October 2020).