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Trees and shrubs

Create your bonsai!


The Egyptians potted the tree for easier transport, the Chinese for aesthetic reasons and the Japanese became masters in the art of bonsai.

Why not try to create a miniature tree as well?

When a tree seed fails in a hollow in a rock, it will sprout there if it finds a little soil and enough light and water.

These minimum conditions force the tree to remain small.

Bonsai was born from this observation ... From which you too can be inspired to grow a tree in a pot.

Start making a bonsai

If you are a beginner, start with a locally grown bonsai tree that is a few years old and already trained to get your hands dirty. Then you can start from a nursery tree or a tree taken from a garden.

Any tree can be grown in a pot, although some - like chestnut trees - are less attractive due to their oversized leaves.

A specific soil for bonsai

To turn your tree into a bonsai, cut off the large roots: they are unnecessary in a pot and this will allow the rootlets to develop.

Install your tree in a special bonsai substrate adapted to the needs of its species. It must be draining while having the power to retain water to prevent the plant from being suffocated by the roots.

Finally, prune the small branches and pinch the buds to branch the tree into the desired shape.

Indoor and outdoor bonsai

Like all trees, bonsai need light, water and food.

If this is an exotic species that spends the winter indoors, give it as much light as possible and, as soon as it is mild, take it out, protecting it from direct sunlight.

Keep local species outdoors by providing frost protection.

Supplement with liquid fertilizer for indoor bonsai, and organic fertilizer for those outdoors. Either way, don't forget to water your bonsai regularly to maintain constant humidity.

Cared for in this way, it can live for many decades.

M.-C. H.

Visual credit: Plant of the Month

  • Read also : Zoom on the ficus ginseng, the bonsai for beginners


Video: Bonsai: Styling Your First Bonsai Tree (January 2021).