Trees and shrubs

Linden, a generous tree


Its heart-shaped leaves have made it a symbol of love and loyalty ...

But above all, lime is an easy-to-grow, fast-growing tree with beneficial shade.

If you have room in the garden, it is ideal.

  • Garden: how to grow linden well
  • Health: benefits and virtues of lime

Linden culture

There are about fifty species of Tilia. The most common in France are T. platyphyllos, or large-leaved lime, the T. cordata, with small leaves, found mainly in woods and T. x vulgaris, hybrid of the first two, the most resistant to drought. In town, the silver lime (Tilia tomentosa), which does not fear pollution, has been planted a lot, but its nectar has since been proven to be toxic to bees and bumblebees. It is therefore not recommended in gardens.

The lime is an easy to grow tree, which grows rapidly, quickly benefits from generous shade. It is drought resistant and tolerates poor soils. It is a very long-lived tree - a 1000-year-old lime tree can be found in Bavaria - and can reach 50 meters in height. Its branches are spread out, so it is important to give it plenty of space, and to keep it away from the house, which it would darken with its shadow.

Multiple virtues

The linden flowers are renowned for their virtues calming. Harvest them at the very beginning of flowering - which lasts a week - when their stamens are very yellow, and dry them on a cloth to enjoy them as an infusion. The sapwood, contained in the trunk, between the hardwood and the bark, has purifying properties and the buds, an action both detoxifying and tranquilizing. Both are used in herbal medicine.

Also note that the young linden leaves are edible and can be added to salads. Dried and crushed, they produce a flour rich in protein which was used during the Second World War. Finally, the honeydew produced by aphids on the leaves when attacked (frequent), as well as the nectar from the flowers of small and large-leaved lime trees, are excellent for bees.

  • Health: benefits and virtues of lime

L. H.

Video: Linden Tree, How to Harvest and Care For Tilia (October 2020).